Badrinath or Badrinarayan Temple is a Hindu sanctuary committed to Vishnu which is arranged in the town of Badrinath in Uttarakhand, India. The sanctuary and town frame one of the four Char Dham and Chota Char Dham journey destinations. The sanctuary is additionally one of the 108 Divya Desams committed to Vishnu, who is adored as Badrinath—heavenly places of worship for Vaishnavites. It is open for a half year consistently (between the finish of April and the start of November), as a result of outrageous climate conditions in the Himalayan district. The sanctuary is situated in Garhwal slope tracks in Chamoli area along the banks of Alaknanda River at a height of 3,133 m (10,279 ft) over the mean ocean level. It is a standout amongst the most visited journey focuses of India, having recorded 1,060,000 visits.
The picture of the directing god revered in the sanctuary is a 1 m (3.3 ft) tall, the dark stone statue of Vishnu as Badrinarayan. The statue is considered by numerous Hindus to be one of eight swayam vyakta kshetras, or self-showed statues of Vishnu.
There is no authentic record about the sanctuary, yet there is a notice of the managing god Badrinath in Vedic sacred writings (c. 1750– 500 bc). As per a few records, the sanctuary was a Buddhist place of worship till the eighth century and Adi Shankara changed over it to a Hindu sanctuary. The design of the sanctuary looking like that of a Buddhist vihara (sanctuary) and the splendidly painted veneer which is atypical of Buddhist sanctuaries prompts the contention. Different records relate that it was initially settled as a journey site by Adi Shankara in the ninth century. It is trusted that Shankara dwelled in the place for a long time from advertisement 814 to 820. He lived a half year in Badrinath and whatever remains of the year in Kedarnath. Hindu devotees declare that he found the picture of Badrinath in the Alaknanda River and cherished it in a surrender close to the Tapt Kund hot springs. A customary story states that Shankara ousted every one of the Buddhists in the area with the assistance of the Parmar ruler lord Kanak Pal. The innate successors of the lord administered the sanctuary and enriched towns to meet its costs. The wage from an arrangement of towns on the course to the sanctuary was utilized to sustain and oblige pioneers. The Parmar rulers held the title "Bolanda Badrinath", which means speaking Badrinath. They had different titles, including Shri 108 Basdrishcharyaparayan Garharaj Mahimahendra, Dharmabibhab, and Dharamarakshak Sigamani.
As indicated by Hindu legend, God Vishnu sat in contemplation at this place. Amid his reflection, Vishnu was uninformed of cool climate. Lakshmi, his associate, ensured him as the Badri tree (Indian plum). Satisfied by the dedication of Lakshmi, Vishnu named the place Badrika Ashram. As per Atkinson (1979), the place used to be a jujube woodland, or, in other words there today. Vishnu as Badrinath is delineated in the sanctuary sitting in the padmasana act. As indicated by the legend, Vishnu was chastised by sage Narada, who saw Vishnu's partner, Lakshmi, kneading his feet. Vishnu went to Badrinath to perform grimness, thinking for quite a while in padmasana.
The Vishnu Purana portrays another adaptation of the beginnings of Badrinath. As indicated by the convention, Dharam had two children, Nar, and Narayan—the two of which are current names of Himalayan Mountains. They picked the place to spread their religion and every one of them marries the extensive valleys in the Himalayas. Hunting down a perfect place to set up isolation, they ran over the other four Badris of the Pancha Badri, to be specific Bridha Badri, Yog Bhadri, Dhyan Badri and Bhavish Badri. They at long last found the hot and chilly spring behind the Alaknanda River and named it Badri Vishal.
The honored position of Badrinath was named after the directing divinity; the lord appreciated custom respect by the fans previously continuing to the holy place. The training was preceded until the late nineteenth century. Amid the sixteenth century, the King of Garhwal moved the murti to the present sanctuary. At the point when the province of Garhwal was separated, the Badrinath sanctuary went under British government yet the ruler of Garhwal proceeded as the executive of the administration board. The choice of minister is done after counsel among Garhwal and Travancore imperial families.
You can easily reach Badrinath by air, train and by road.
By Air : - Jolly Grant Airport is 340km from Badrinath Temple. Jolly Grant Airport is a nearest airport to Badrinath. Badrinath is well connected to motor able road you can take easily taxi from outside the Airport.
By train : - Rishikesh is nearest railway station of from Badrinath. The distance between Rishikesh and Badrinath 320 km. Taxi and buses are easily available outside the railway station.
By road : - You can take private buses and Taxis from Delhi till Rishikesh or Badrinath. Badrinath is located on NH 07.